Land Value Taxation will solve many of the 21st century's most serious social, economic and environmental problems, and promote justice, fairness and sustainability. We CAN have a world in which all can prosper.
Progress and Poverty, by Henry George Here are links to online editions of George's landmark book, Progress & Poverty, including audio and a number of abridgments -- the shortest is 30 words! I commend this book to your attention, if you are concerned about economic justice, poverty, sprawl, energy use, pollution, wages, housing affordability. Its observations will change how you approach all these problems. A mind-opening experience!
Henry George: Progress and Poverty: An inquiry into the cause of industrial depressions and of increase of want with increase of wealth ... The Remedy This is perhaps the most important book ever written on the subjects of poverty, political economy, how we might live together in a society dedicated to the ideals Americans claim to believe are self-evident. It will provide you new lenses through which to view many of our most serious problems and how we might go about solving them: poverty, sprawl, long commutes, despoilation of the environment, housing affordability, wealth concentration, income concentration, concentration of power, low wages, etc. Read it online, or in hardcopy.
Bob Drake's abridgement of Henry George's original: Progress and Poverty: Why There Are Recessions and Poverty Amid Plenty -- And What To Do About It! This is a very readable thought-by-thought updating of Henry George's longer book, written in the language of a newsweekly. A fine way to get to know Henry George's ideas. Available online at progressandpoverty.org and http://www.henrygeorge.org/pcontents.htm
Where Else Might You Look?
Wealth and Want The URL comes from the subtitle to Progress & Poverty -- and the goal is widely shared prosperity in the 21st century. How do we get there from here? A roadmap and a reference source.
Reforming the Property Tax for the Common Good I'm a tax reform activist who seeks to promote fairness and reduce poverty. Let's start with the enabling legislation and state requirements for the property tax. There are opportunities for great good!
Equity, therefore, does not permit property in land. For if
one portion of the earth's surface may justly become the
possession of an individual and may be held by him for his sole use
and benefit as a thing to which he has an exclusive right, then
other portions of the earth's surface may be so held; and eventually
the whole of the earth's surface may be so held; and our planet may
thus lapse into private hands.
— HERBERT SPENCER, in 1850, Social
Statics, Chap. IX.
In the early ages of society it would have been impossible to
maintain the exclusive ownership of a few persons in what seems at
first sight an equal gift to all (the land) — a thing to which
everyone has the same claim.
— WALTER BAGEHOT (1826-1877),
Economic Studies, Essay I., Part I., p. 31.
Let us suppose that a people is excluded from the ownership of the
land. I say that this exclusion, even if followed by no other
injustice (which I think impossible), by making a man a stranger to
the commonwealth, makes him indifferent to the existence of the
— MARMONTEL, Address in Favor of
the Peasants of the North (1757), Oeuvres, Vol X., p. 72.
That any human being should dare to apply to another the epithet
"pauper" is, to me, the greatest, the vilest, the most unpardonable
crime that could be committed. Each human being by mere birth
has a birthright in this earth and all its productions; and if they
do not receive it, then it is they who are injured, and it is not
the "pauper," oh, inexpressibly wicked word! — it is the well-to-do
who are the criminal classes.
— RICHARD JEFFERIES, The Story of
My Heart, Chap. X., p. 122.
Any settlement of the land of a country that would exclude the
humblest man in that country from his share of the common
inheritance would be not only an injustice and a wrong to that man,
but moreover would be an impious resistance to the benevolent
intentions of the Creator.
Land is not, and cannot be, property in the sense in which movable
things are property. Every human being born into this planet
must live upon the land if he lives at all. He did not ask to
be born, and, being born, room must be found for him. The land in
any country is really the property of the nation which occupies it.
— J. A. FROUDE, Ireland,
Nineteenth Century, September, 1880, p. 362.
That which is yet wanting on your part to be done is this, to see
that the oppressor's power be cast out with his person; and to see
that the free possession of the land and liberties be put into the
hands of the oppressed commoners of England.
— JERRARD WINSTANLEY,
Epistle Dedicatory to Oliver Cromwell, in
The Law of Freedom in a
Platform, or True Magistracy Restored.
"But how is it that you allow these chiefs — landlords, don't you call them? — to taboo the
soil, and prevent you all from even walking on it? Don't you see
that if you choose to combine in a body, and insist upon the
recognition of your natural rights — if you determined to make the landlords give up
their taboo, and cease from injustice, they'd have to yield to you?
And then you could exercise your natural right of going where you
pleased, and cultivate the land in common for the public benefit,
instead of leaving it as now, to be cultivated anyhow, or turned
into waste, for the benefit of the tabooers?"
— GRANT ALLEN, The British
Barbarians (Words spoken by Bertram).
A great landholder may legally convert his whole property into a
forest or hunting ground, and expel every human being who has lived
upon it. In a thickly populated country like England, where
almost every acre has its owner and occupier, this is a power of
legally destroying his fellow-creatures; and that such a power
should exist, and be exercised by individuals, in however small a
degree, indicates that as regards true social science, we are still
in a state of barbarism.
— ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE,The Malay
Archipelago, Chap. 40. Final Note to the book. (1869)
For they account it a very just cause of war for a nation to hinder
others from possessing a part of the soil, of which they make no
use, but which is suffered to lie idle and uncultivated; since every
man has by the law of Nature a right to such waste portion of the
earth as is necessary for his subsistence.
— SIR THOMAS MORE, Utopia (1516),
Book II., tit. Of Their Traffic.
The vacant land belongs to the landless. The simple fact that
the one is vacant and the other landless is of itself the highest
proof that they should be allowed to come together. Alas, what
a crime against nature that they should be kept apart.
— GERRIT SMITH, Smith's Speeches
in the U. S. Congress, p. 247 (1854).
The earth in its natural uncultivated state was, and ever would
have continued to be, the common property of the human race.
He who has no clear inherent right to live somewhere has no right to
live at all.
— HORACE GREELEY, Land Reform,
Hints Toward Reforms (1850), p. 312.
Consider from the point of view of an observer of Nature a landless
man — a being fitted in all his parts and powers for the use of
land, compelled by all his needs to the use of land, and yet denied
all right to land. Is it not as unnatural as a bird without air or a
fish without water?
— HENRY GEORGE, Property in Land,
Chap. II., p. 55.